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Why Do We Need A Gastroenterologist?


by Premier Hospitals | March 28, 2019 |

A gastroenterologist is a doctor specialized in treating diseases of the digestive system, also called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. His training allows him to have a thorough understanding of food movement through the digestive tract followed by its physical and chemical breakdown (digestion). He also understands the absorption of nutrients, removal of waste products and the function of the liver, pancreas and gall bladder as important organs aiding various functions of the human body.


Some of the medical conditions that the gastroenterologist specializes in treating affect the following parts of the digestive tract:

  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  • Large intestine
  • Liver
  • Pancreas
  • Biliary system (gallbladder and bile ducts)

Why Do We need a Gastroenterologist?

Your primary care doctor may often refer you to a gastroenterologist, depending on the severity of your condition. However, you might also need a gastroenterologist if you

  1. Have any of the digestive health disorders
  2. Are in a need of colon or stomach cancer screening

Digestive health disorders requiring a Gastroenterologist's opinion

It may be time to check in with a gastroenterologist if you notice any of the following symptoms and conditions:

  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Bleeding in the digestive tract
  • Colorectal cancer or stomach [gastric] cancer or pancreatic cancer or liver cancer
  • Constipation
  • Bloating, gas and diarrhea
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Diverticular disease and other diseases of the colon
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Heartburn or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) - food coming back up after you swallow
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Hiatal hernias
  • Inflammation in the digestive tract (e.g., gastritis)
  • Liver disease (e.g., hepatitis, jaundice)
  • Malabsorption disorders (e.g., celiac disease, lactose intolerance)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Ulcers
  • Unexplained weight loss or Lethargy



Heartburn is a condition resulting in pain or a burning session in the throat and in the chest. It occurs when the acid present in the stomach regurgitates into the esophagus. This condition can often be managed with over the counter medications. However, If you experience the condition quite often, then this could be an indication of GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) and you must see a gastroenterologist.


Gallstones are the small or large pellets that form inside the gallbladder. People suffering from gallstones may have either one big stone or they have multiple stones of different sizes. If you have gallstones, you may have a sudden bout of intense pain on the right side of the abdomen.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

why-do-we-need-a-gastrologist-3 Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a disease disrupting a person’s day-to-day life but does not cause any permanent damage to the digestive system. The common symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome include:
  • Cramps or abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of disorders due to inflammation of the intestine. The common symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease include:
  • Severe, chronic abdominal pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rectal bleeding
Meet a pediatric gastroenterologist, trained in treating younger patients if your child is suffering from any of the following digestive issues.

When to see a Pediatric Gastroenterologist?

Pediatric gastroenterologists provide treatment for the following conditions among children:
  1. Bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract
  2. Lactose intolerance
  3. Food allergies or intolerance
  4. Severe gastroesophageal reflux disease
  5. Inflammatory bowel disease
  6. Short bowel syndrome
  7. Liver disease
  8. Acute or chronic abdominal pain
  9. Vomiting
  10. Chronic constipation
  11. Chronic or severe diarrhea
  12. Pancreatic insufficiency and pancreatitis
  13. Nutritional problems such as malnutrition, failure to thrive, and obesity
  14. Feeding disorders
why-do-we-need-a-gastrologist-4 A pediatric gastroenterologist performs diagnostic tests of a child’s digestive system. He uses endoscopes, to examine the inside of the digestive tract or obtain tissue samples. Some interventions that may be needed in a child with nutritional problems include:
  • Placement and management of feeding tubes
  • Intravenous nutrition
  • Diagnosing and treating infants
  • Diagnosing and treating children and teens with liver disease

Colon Cancer Screening requiring Gastroenterologist why-do-we-need-a-gastrologist-5

Gastroenterologist plays a major role in cancer treatment. They help the medical oncologists diagnose tumors or search for metastatic disease using colonoscopy or endoscopy. They also perform a screening colonoscopy to help the surgical oncologists locate tumors during surgery. One should see a gastroenterologist regularly, if they have any of the above mentioned issues either for themselves or if they have a strong family history or other potential risk factors.

Our Gastroenterologist:

Dr. Saaduddin Azmi has been associated with Premier Hospital since the last one year. He is a dynamic well-trained medical gastroenterologist with expertise in many endoscopic and non-endoscopic procedures. Appointments can be obtained over phone or through our website.

About The Hospital:

Since the inception of Premier Hospital in 1991 till today, we have grown to unprecedented levels, due to our excellence in medical sciences and healthcare. Premier Hospital is the creation of Dr Mahesh Marda and when it was first established, was only a small, 30-bed hospital facility. Back then, we provided only secondary care to patients, but that certainly has changed in the present landscape.