by Premier Hospitals | June 16, 2020 |
The new coronavirus outbreak, first discovered in China in December 2019, continues to affect people throughout the world. Coronavirus (COVID-19) affected all countries around the world. Given that the virus is spreading mainly through close human-to-human contact, the number of cases may increase further in the coming weeks. Early and accurate diagnosis of COVID-19, is very important to limit its spread and improve health outcomes. If you have just been diagnosed with COVID-19, chances are you will have many questions, including "What Next?".
There are many things that we don't know about COVID-19 yet. But we learned a lot in a short time from doctors and researchers and affected patients. More than 30 lakh people worldwide have recovered from the coronavirus. However, the path to full health is not the same for everyone. Recovery time depends on how sick you are. Some people recover quickly, but for others, it can become a permanent problem. Age, sex, and other health problems increase the risk of Covid-19.
Read on to find out what to do if you think you have COVID-19 symptoms and what tests are currently done in India to diagnose the disease and what is the recovery time for Coronavirus disease.
If you have been exposed to a virus or have mild symptoms of COVID-19, contact a doctor for advice on how and when to test. Don't go to your doctor's office personally because you can be contagious. Let's see symptoms of COVID-19 first.
Symptoms of COVID-19:
Those infected with COVID-19 sometimes have no symptoms. You might not know that you have COVID-19 symptoms. But others experience symptoms similar to the common cold. The symptoms are:
Symptoms can last up to 14 days after COVID-19 exposure, and it is the most extended incubation period known for this disease. Recent evidence shows that the virus can be transmitted from an infected person to others without symptoms. This includes people who:
- Hard to breath
- Pneumonia in both lungs
Although experts know that this type of transmission occurs in people in close contact or a tight physical environment, there are a lot of unknowns. So it is essential to follow proven preventative steps. If a person has COVID-19 symptoms, the person should get tested for confirmation, and those tests are below.
Diagnosis of COVID-19:
- Haven't developed any symptoms (without symptoms)
- Never develop symptoms (asymptomatic)
There are two types of COVID-19 tests available:
- Viral tests: Viral tests indicate whether there is an infection.
- Antibody tests: The antibody test shows whether you previously had an infection.
The antibody test may not show whether you have a current infection because it may take 1-3 weeks after the infection to produce antibodies.
The viral test checks samples from your airways, swabs from inside the nose to determine whether COVID-19 is currently infecting you. Some tests are a point of care test which means that the results are available at the test site in less than an hour. Other tests go to the laboratory for analysis. This process takes 1-2 days after being received in the laboratory.
In Antibody Test, the blood of the patient is tested for antibodies which will indicate whether the virus previously infected you. Depending on when a person was affected, and the time of testing, the test may not find antibodies. Antibodies are proteins that help fight infections. An antibody test should not to diagnose people who currently suffer from COVID-19. To determine whether you have a current infection, you need a virus test that needs swabs samples such from your nose. The next step is recovery from COVID-19.
What to the recovery time and what to expect when you recover from COVID-19:
Most people who receive Covid-19 only experience the main symptoms of cough or fever. But they can suffer bodily aches, fatigue, sore throat and headaches.
The recovery process of COVID-19, including the speed of recovery, depends on whether you have a mild, moderate, or severe disease.
Recovery from mild COVID-19 disease:
About 80% of people infected with new coronavirus have mild symptoms or have no symptoms at all. Someone with mild symptoms can expect to recover within ten days or a week. Information from the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that recovery takes an average of one to two weeks.
If you have a mild illness, you should expect the recovery process to resemble other significant viral respiratory infections, like the flu. People with mild symptoms can recover well and quickly.
Recovery from moderate COVID-19 disease:
The recovery process takes longer in people with more acute or moderate COVID-19 symptoms. In some cases, they will require an ER visit or even hospitalization.
While recovering from a moderate case of COVID-19, you may experience fatigue, coughing, and even breathing difficulties, and these persistent symptoms can last for several weeks. This disease can be much more severe for some people and tends to occur about seven to 10 days after infection.
Transformations can occur suddenly. Breathing becomes difficult, and the lungs are inflamed since the immune system tries to fight a lot, and the body suffers collateral damage. Some people need oxygen therapy at the hospital. Researchers say that it takes two to eight weeks to recover from fatigue.
Recovery from a severe illness COVID-19
It can take weeks or months for you to recover from a severe COVID-19 disease. You might be in an intensive care unit and might even require a ventilator.
This disease becomes more severe in some people when pneumonia
develops, or the immune system triggers a very strong "cytokine storm" to get rid of the virus. This strong inflammatory reaction causes what is called Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), which causes lung tissue damage and maybe even respiratory failure.
Recovery from a severe case of COVID-19 may take time. If you need a ventilator, it will take time for you to regain your independence when you get home. How much time depends only on how much energy you lost and how much damage occurred to the lungs. The patient is taken to an ordinary ward before returning home. It takes 12 to 18 months for you to return to normal after intensive care.
Staying long in a hospital bed causes loss of muscle mass. The patients will be weak and will need time for the muscles rebuilding. Some people need physical therapy to be able to walk again.
There may be long-term side effects from COVID-19:
People who went through severe COVID-19 can experience long-term lung damage. There is also evidence that some people tend to develop Cardiomyopathy (A heart muscle disease that makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood throughout the body). Cardiomyopathy can cause heart failure a few weeks after recovery from COVID-19. This is one of the biggest things to worry about people who seem to have recovered fully.
If you have mild symptoms or suspect an infection, call your doctor. They review your risks, make prevention and treatment plans for you, and give you instructions on what to do next. It is better to be safe than being sorry, so, follow all the preventive measures.
If you need more information about diagnosis and recovery, contact Premier hospital
at +91-77020 01163
and book your appointment now