by Premier Hospitals | December 15, 2018 |
A jumperâs knee or a jumperâs knee injury is an injury in the patellar tendon. Tendons are strong cords that attach your muscles to your bones. A patellar tendon attaches the front muscles of your thighs to the bones and help in straightening your leg.
Itâs called a jumperâs knee injury because you can get it if you jump excessively for an extended period of time. It is a common form of injury in sportspersons. Donât worry, your kid probably wonât get it just because he or she jumps a lot on the couch. But, if he or she falls down on their knees heavily, there is a chance of injuring the patellar tendon.
When you have a jumperâs knee injury, the tendon tears either partially or entirely. Even a minor tear can make movement very difficult and painful. If left untreated, it will advance to total breakage and disable the function of the leg.
Itâs not a new thing that we use that a brandâs name for the product - Xerox for photocopy, Milton for a water bottle, or even Surf for detergent. Apparently, this is a thing in the medical sphere also. A Dancerâs Hip is not a hip of a dancer and a Jumperâs Knee is not a knee of a jumper. These are injuries - again, needless to say, not specifically of a dancer or of an athlete but are most suffered by them.
A Jumperâs Knee is an injury in your knee, more specifically, in a tendon inside your knee. The patellar tendon attaches you're the bottom of the kneecap to the top of the shinbone. An injured patellar tendon is called patellar tendinitis or a Jumperâs Knee.
So, what injuries the tendon? Letâs read about the causes of Jumperâs Knee.
The main cause of Jumperâs Knee is overuse. Physical activities in the form of running, jumping or participating in other athletic events might overwork your knee and stress the patellar tendon causing it to wear off. This is one of the causes of Jumperâs Knee.
A strong blow or collision in the knee might cause the tendon to snap, acting as one of the causes of Jumperâs Knee.
One of the causes of Jumperâs Knee is sudden overusing your knees as compared to other body parts.
Rheumatoid or other forms of arthritis might cause the tendon to weaken quicker, making it one of the many causes of Jumperâs Knee.
Misuse of drugs and steroids might also be a cause of Jumperâs Knee.
The symptoms of Jumperâs Knee are not very subtle. If you have an injury, you can easily see and feel the symptoms of Jumperâs Knee. Here are the most common symptoms of Jumperâs Knee.
Constant pain in the lower end of the knee
Pain after performing some physical activity
Difficulty in movements due to pain or weakness
Gradually increasing pain
The intensity of the pain varies based on the extent of the damage. It can range between a mild progressive pain to excruciating pain. Additionally, other symptoms like redness, swelling, etc can also be seen.
Itâs not just the pain; Jumperâs Knee is also a progressive injury. If left untreated, it might lead to irreparable damage! So, if you have any pain in your knee, rush to the doctor immediately.
A jumperâs knee injury is generally very painful. So, the first treatment of jumperâs knee will be to manage the pain and prevent or control the swelling. Pain medications are used for pain. The swelling can be treated with the R.I.C.E. method (rest, ice, compression, elevation).
Minor tear in the tendon can be attempted to treat non-surgically.
Immobilizing: A very common way to treat minor injuries is to immobilise the area so that movement does not interfere in the natural healing process. A brace or an athletic tape may also be used to reduce pressure on the area during movement.
Medication: Certain non-inflammatory medications, painkillers may help you to manage the discomfort during the process of healing.
Platelet-rich plasma therapy (PRP): In PRP, the injured area is injected with more plasma-rich blood from your own body. This speeds up the healing process.
Shock therapy: Treatment of jumperâs knee can also be done by shock therapy where electric impulses sent to the muscle tissue to accelerate the healing process.
Thermal Therapy: Heat and Cold are applied to the injured are alternately to heat up the tendon from inside. This helps in faster healing.
Physiotherapy: A physiotherapist will ask you to do certain exercises to strengthen the muscles of the knee.
If you have a big tear or if your tendon has totally broken apart, you might have to go for a surgery.
For the surgery, the surgeon will make small incisions on your knee through which they will insert a camera to monitor the surgery and other medical tools. First, the damaged tissue is removed and then the broken part is realigned.
The success rate of the surgery is up to 80%.
So, if you have a Jumperâs Knee injury, do not panic. Consult your doctor and he or she will be able to guide you on choosing the right treatment option.
Dr Ayub Sabre is an experienced and fellowship trained Orthopaedic Surgeon with a special interest in Complex trauma, Spine, Replacement surgery and Minimally Invasive surgeries. He completed his medical education from Kurnool Medical College and a Postgraduate (DNB Orthopedics) from prestigious St. Marthaâs Hospital, Bangalore in 2006.
At Premier Hospital, Dr Ayub Sabre has been a dedicated presence for the last 7 years, performing multiple complex surgeries with good outcome maintaining, excellent rapport with patients and attendants.
Since the inception of Premier Hospital in 1991 till today, we have grown to unprecedented levels, due to our excellence in medical sciences and healthcare. Premier Hospital is the creation of Dr Mahesh Marda and when it was first established, was only a small, 30-bed hospital facility. Back then, we provided only secondary care to patients, but that certainly has changed in the present landscape.