by Premier Hospitals | December 18, 2018 |
Allergies in children have drastically increased in these recent years and, no parents wish to see their child suffer or get ill. Any child can experience allergies due to various circumstances. It is impossible for you to keep monitoring and controlling everything that your child is exposed to or what your child eats throughout the day. Instead, you should focus on taking proper care and keeping an eye on your child to identify the symptoms of allergies.
Your child can experience an allergy when his/her immune system reacts to the allergens in the environment. Allergens are classified as airborne allergens, food allergens and other allergens. These allergens might be eaten, inhaled or they may come in contact with the skin. The most common allergens include:
Allergies spread from one person to other. If you have an allergy, the chances for your child to get the allergy is very high. So, try to avoid the things that you or your child is allergic to.
Based on the allergens that cause allergy, allergies are classified as:
Early identification of the allergies in your children can help improve your childâs health and reduce the number of missed school days. The type and severity of the symptoms are different from an allergy to allergy and child to child.
The common airborne allergy symptoms include:
The reactions of allergies can vary from mild to severe. Some common symptoms of food, medicine and insect allergies include:
If you find any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your child, make an appointment to meet the doctor to avoid serious consequences.
If your child has an allergy, do the following to take care of your child:
If your child has an allergy, you should teach him/her about the allergy and should make them aware of the allergens that are allergic to your child. You should explain to your child about the reactions they develop when they come in contact or consume those allergens.
Some allergies can be easily identified. On the other hand, identifying few allergies is difficult, unless the doctor conducts a test.
For instance, if your child suffers from the cold for more than a week or two, then make an appointment with the doctor or allergist.
The allergist will diagnose the allergy and can prescribe the medicine.
To identify the cause of the allergy, the allergist will ask your childâs history of allergy and his symptoms of allergy.
The allergist may also perform a skin test. The skin test is usually performed in two ways namely:
After performing the test, if there are swelling and itch like a mosquito bite in that portion, then the test is considered as positive. Based on the results, the doctor makes a diagnosis. He also explains the ways to reduce the allergens that cause allergy to your child.
For children who are under specific medication or who have sensitive skin, the doctor may conduct a blood test to determine the cause of the allergy.
There is no cure for the allergies, but the symptoms can be reduced. The best way to treat allergies is to reduce the allergens that cause allergy to your child.
If your child develops symptoms even after reducing the allergens, your doctor might prescribe nasal sprays, eye drops or antihistamines. The doctor might also recommend âimmunotherapyâ to desensitise your child to an allergen. The doctor may also suggest some steroid cream for the skin.
If you suspect that your child has an allergy, instead of going with the over the counter medications, make an appointment with a doctor, who expertise in diagnosing and treating allergies. Before you visit the doctor, keep a track on the symptoms that your child experiences and also the things that you suspect as allergic to your child. Consulting the doctor immediately after alleging an allergy can help you avoid serious health issues in your child.
Dr Vivek V. B.
Consultant Pediatrician and Intensivist.
Dr Vivek V. B. is an experienced Consultant Pediatrician and Intensivist. He has done his MBBS, DCH, DNB Pediatrics, FNB Pediatric Intensive Care. At Premier Hospital, Dr Vivek V. B. has been a dedicated presence and has an excellent rapport with patients and attendants.
Since the inception of Premier Hospital in 1991 till today, we have grown to unprecedented levels, due to our excellence in medical sciences and healthcare. Premier Hospital is the creation of Dr Mahesh Marda and when it was first established, was only a small, 30-bed hospital facility. Back then, we provided only secondary care to patients, but that certainly has changed in the present landscape.