by Premier Hospitals | November 13, 2018 |
Thereâs a reason why itâs called âshouldering a responsibilityâ. Maybe, thatâs because our shoulders are one of the most reliable bones in our body. Every bone in the body needs to be given an equal amount of care and importance as without it, we would not be mobile. The shoulder is one of the most important bony structures in our body. Sadly, almost all of us stress the shoulder to a great extent due to various reasons or activities but tend to ignore taking care of it until the pain cannot be ignored anymore. This has resulted in an increase in the number of people who get diagnosed with various shoulder ailments in India as well as around the world. Shoulder pain can be minor or a major concern depending on how early the person acknowledges it and gets it checked. Our shoulder is made up of three bones -Â
Tendinitis: Tendon is a cord that connects the bone to the muscle. The wearing out of those tendons is called as Tendinitis. This is a condition that happens through time as constant use of shoulder muscles strains it while doing different types of work in our daily life.
Â Â Tendinitis can be of two types:Â Acute: Excessive activities such as throwing a ball or carrying heavy weights can lead to this type of Tendinitis. Chronic:Â Diseases which are degenerative in nature such as Arthritis or repetitive wear and tear of tendons due to age leads to Chronic Tendinitis. Tendon Tears - Tearing or splitting of tissues due to excessive sports activities or even due to old age results in tendon tears which causes an immense amount of pain in the area of the shoulder. The tears may be partial or complete depending on the intensity of the injury or the age of the person. In most cases, tendons are completely split into two pieces and at times the tendons may be torn away from its attachment to the bones. Impingement - When the arm is lifted away from the body, the shoulder blade often puts pressure on the underlying tissues in the area. This results in shoulder impingement. Continuous lifting of the arm eventually results in excessive pressure on the bursa and the tendons which result in Bursitis and Tendinitis which can cause severe pain in the shoulder. InstabilityÂ - The instability of the shoulder is often a result of the upper arm bone (Humerus) being forced out of the shoulder socket. This is caused due to sudden injuries to that particular area of the body or even overuse of the upper arm. This can further result in shoulder dislocation which causes severe pain. Shoulder dislocations can be recurring and can lead to arthritis in the particular joint. Arthritis - Shoulder pain can also be a result of Arthritis. There are many types of Arthritis but the most common type is Osteoarthritis which is a result of wear and tear of the tissues surrounding the structure of the shoulder. Osteoarthritis can also be a result of sports activities or due to chronic wear and tear. The pain of osteoarthritis increases slowly and get worse with time until detected and cured. People often reduce the movement of their shoulders to decrease the pain related to arthritis. Fractures - A fracture is basically a broken bone. This can be seen in the collarbone, the humerus and even the shoulder blade which is the reason for severe pain and swelling in the shoulder. Shoulder fractures are often due to a fall from a height or a blunt trauma to the shoulder. Fractures in younger patients also occur due to high-intensity sports and motor accidents.